Gethsemane (Greek: Γεθσημανἰ, Gethsēmani Hebrew: גת שמנים, is a garden at the foot
of the Mount of Olives in Jerusalem most famous as the place where, according to
the gospels, Jesus and his disciples prayed the night before Jesus' crucifixion.
According to Luke 22:43–44, Jesus' anguish in Gethsemane was so deep that "his sweat
was as it were great drops of blood falling down to the ground." In his Onomasticon,
Eusebius of Caesarea notes the site of Gethsemane located "at the foot of the Mount
of Olives", and he adds that "the faithful were accustomed to go there to pray".
Ancient olive trees growing in the garden are said to be 900 years old.
The Mount of Olives (also Mount Olivet, Hebrew: הר הזיתים, Har HaZeitim; is a mountain
ridge east of Jerusalem's Old City in East Jerusalem. It is named for the olive groves
that once covered its slopes. Jesus gave an end-time prophecy at this location. The
Mount of Olives is associated predominantly with Jewish and Christian traditions.
The mount has been used as a Jewish cemetery for over 3,000 years and holds approximately